Wednesday, 25 July 2012

What does ETL tool mean- Extraction, Transformation & Loading-ETL Basics

Extraction, Transformation & Loading:

A data warehouse does not generate any data; instead it is populated from various transactional or operational data stores. The process of importing and manipulating transactional data into the warehouse is referred to as Extraction, Transformation and Loading (ETL). Informatica is the widely used ETL tool for extracting source data and loading into target with required Transformations.SQL Server supplies an excellent ETL tool known as Data Transformation Services (DTS) in version 2000 and SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) in version 2005.
In addition to importing data from various sources, ETL is also responsible for transforming data into a dimensional model. Depending on your data sources the import process can be relatively simple or very complicated. For eg, some organizations keep all of their data in a single relational engine, such as SQL Server. Others could have numerous systems that might not be easily accessible. In some cases you might have to rely on scanned documents or scrape report screens to get the data for your warehouse. In such situations you should bring all data into a common staging area first and then transform it into a dimensional model.
A staging area also provides a good place for assuring that your ETL is working correctly before data is loaded into dimension and fact tables. So your ETL could be made up of multiple stages:
  • Import data from various data sources into the staging area.
  • Cleanse data from inconsistencies (could be either automated or manual effort).
  • Ensure that row counts of imported data in the staging area match the counts in the original data source.
  • Load data from the staging area into the dimensional model.
ETL resolves the inconsistencies in entity and attribute naming across multiple data sources. For example the same entity could be called customers, clients, prospects or consumers in various data stores. Furthermore attributes such as address might be stored as three or more different columns (address line1, address line2, city, state, county, postal code, country and so forth). Each column can also be abbreviated or spelled out completely, depending on data source. Similarly there might be differences in data types, such as storing data and time as a string, number or date. During the ETL process data is imported from various sources and is given a common shape.

There are some over-arching themes in successful ETL system deployments regardless of which tools and technologies are used. Most important — and most frequently neglected — is the practice of designing the ETL system before development begins. Too often we see systems that just evolved without any initial planning. These systems are inefficient and slow, they break down all the time, and they're unmanageable. The data warehouse team has no idea how to pinpoint the bottlenecks and problem areas of the system.

List of the most popular ETL tools:
  • Informatica - Power Center
  • IBM - Websphere DataStage(Formerly known as Ascential DataStage)
  • SAP - BusinessObjects Data Integrator
  • IBM - Cognos Data Manager (Formerly known as Cognos DecisionStream)
  • Microsoft - SQL Server Integration Services
  • Oracle - Data Integrator (Formerly known as Sunopsis Data Conductor)
  • SAS - Data Integration Studio
  • Oracle - Warehouse Builder
  • AB Initio
  • Information Builders - Data Migrator
 Guys  Read  more  about  ETL


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